Kuznetsov N.N., Livshits I.Z.
Bdella taurica sp. n. is characterized by the presence of trichobothria on tarsus IV and position of chaetae lps. Spinibdella rapida sp. n. is characterized by the presence of the 2nd pair of eyes and chaetom of tibiae and tarsi I and II and some other characters.
Baranchikov Yu.N., Olshvang V.N.
The fauna of Rhopalocera of the Urals includes 202 species from 7 families and is of allochthonous character. 11 zoogeographical groups can be distinguished by the type of ranges. The largest among them are: panboreal, steppe, nemoral and arctic-mountain-boreal real (33,2; 17,8; 14,4 and 9,9,% of the fauna, resp.).